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Labour Force

For employers, Toronto is the world's 3rd lowest risk city for recruiting, employing and relocating employees, according to Aon Hewitt’s 2013 People Risk Ratings.

As foreign investors expand their businesses abroad, an important factor affecting their decision to locate in Toronto is the diversity of the city's population.

For businesses that are globally active, access to a labour pool that is multicultural allows them to effectively engage in international markets. In addition, the diversity of the population acts as a signal to entrepreneurs and small and medium sized business owners that global cities like Toronto are welcoming to new ideas.

Toronto's economy depends upon the quality, ingenuity and commitment of its workers. Fortunately, Toronto's 3.38 million regional labour force is the largest in Canada, and one of the most diverse in the world.

Toronto is the most multicultural city in Canada, if not in all of North America. 51% of Toronto's population is foreign-born, compared to 36.8% in New York City. The Toronto region is home to 37.4% of all foreign-born people in Canada. Among the many different cultures in Toronto, 51% of foreign immigrants in the city are from Asia. The top three countries of origin are China, India, and the Philippines. Toronto is home to the largest Chinese (594,735) and Indian (572,250) populations in the country.

The official languages in Canada are English and French; however, there are 1.4 million people in the City of Toronto that speak a non-official language. The languages most often spoken are Mandarin, Cantonese, Tamil, Hindu, Urdu, Tagalog, Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese. Each of these has a community of 50,000 people or more who are able to converse in that language (Statistics Canada, 2013).

Labour Force in the Province of Ontario

Ontario September 2014 October 2014 Standard error
  Thousands (except rates)
Population 11,366.9 11,376.7 ...
Labour force 7,487.2 7,484.2 19.8
Employment 6,957.1 6,994.1 18.7
Full-time 5,615.6 5,649.3 26.0
Part-time 1,341.5 1,344.8 24.2
Unemployment 530.1 490.1 17.1
Participation rate 65.9 65.8 0.2
Unemployment rate 7.1 6.5 0.2
Employment rate 61.2 61.5 0.2

Source: StatsCan, 2014

Population by single year of age and sex, Canada, 2011
Population by single year of age and sex, Toronto, 2011
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Year: 2011
Categories: Labour Force
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Year: 2010
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